The Iranian Revolution of 1979 saw the 2500-year-old monarchy, led by the Shah of Iran, swept away by a popular movement which put in power an Islamic Republic under the Ayatollah Khomeini. Since 1953, when he led a military coup against the popular Prime Minister Mohammad Mussadeq with support from the USA and the UK through the CIA and MI6, he had ruled as an absolute monarch with virtually no popular support.
Read through pages 143 - 146 in the 20th Century textbook, making notes as you go, and listen to the following podcast:
Complete the following 10 mark question:
How far was the Shah of Iran personally responsible for the overthrow of his regime in 1979?